National Employment Institute

   Until the mid-1990s the National Employment Institute (Instituto Nacional de Empleo, INEM), an agency of the Ministry of Labour, had a monopoly over employment brokerage in Spain. The agency was also responsible for distributing unemployment benefits and was one of the public agencies concerned with training. By the 1980s INEM was seen as part of the overall rigidity of the labour market, while increasing labour market flexibility became part of orthodox economic policy.
   Abolition of the job brokerage monopoly of INEM was set in train by a decree passed in December 1993. Private employment agencies were legalized, though they are required to be non-profit making and to have prior authorization from INEM.
   The new role of INEM concentrates on providing an employment service, especially for certain priority groups. It is no longer responsible for the payment of unemployment benefit.
   KEITH SALMON

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

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